Employing in Czech Republic
Famed for its beautiful countryside, castles, cheap beer and quaint Christmas markets, the Czech Republic is also one of the most metropolitan and diverse countries in the EU. Many famous international companies — including Deloitte Touche, Exxon Mobil and Zara — call the country home, but the nation also has plenty of its own homegrown firms, such as Skoda and Budweiser.
The Czech Republic’s central European location is a major benefit for international companies looking to expand. Travel to almost anywhere else in Europe is easily accessible by plane, train or car, and the country’s fast and cheap public transport system makes it easy to get around domestically, too.
English is also widely spoken, and many global businesses use it as their primary language.
This Slavic nation is also one of the most stable and growing economies in the EU. Thanks to continuously improving standards, there’s a particular focus on the wellbeing of the country’s society, including education, skilled people, work-life balance, safety and security. What’s more, the Czech Republic scores highly for starting a business and has been ranked number one for cross-border trading thanks to its strategic geographic location, developed infrastructure and skilled workforce.
Czech koruna (Kč)
Salary pay date
Employees are usually paid every month. The employer sets the regular pay date, which can be any time before the 20th of the following month. TopSource Worldwide employees are paid by the 10th of the following month.
The minimum wage is CZK 15,200 per month for 40 hours a week standard and CZK 90.50 per hour.
Employers aren’t required by law to pay an employee a 13th month salary.
Both the employer and employee make mandatory social security contributions each month. This provides sickness, pension, unemployment and healthcare benefits to Czech citizens.
Social security contributions must be made by the employer no later than the 20th of the following month; there are immediate penalties for late submissions.
Although the healthcare system has mainly been privatised in the Czech Republic, it’s a universal healthcare system. Everyone is charged compulsory health insurance on their wages.
Expatriates are required to pay health insurance and are then entitled to free medical care, although they may still need to pay a small stipend on top of the health insurance for any treatment received.
Employers are obliged to make monthly social security contributions and healthcare contributions.
The annual threshold for social security contributions is 48 times the average monthly wage per year (CZK 1,701,168: 2021). The cap doesn’t apply to healthcare insurance.
An Overview of the Main Statutory Benefits
Maternity leave: Women are entitled to take up to 28 weeks for a single birth and 37 weeks for multiple births.
Women can take up to eight weeks before the delivery date but must not commence their maternity leave any later than six weeks before delivery. Women must take at least 14 weeks of maternity leave.
While on maternity leave, women are usually paid 70% of their usual wages but this can change slightly depending on how much they’ve contributed to their social security.
Paternity leave: Men are entitled to seven days of paternity leave, paid at a rate of 70% of their usual salary.
Employees pay 6.5% of their gross salary each month towards the public pension system. The employer is required to pay 21.5% of the employee’s gross salary towards pension contributions.
In order to receive the state pension, an employee must have been insured for a minimum period of 35 years (if employed after 2018).
There are voluntary private pension schemes if employees wish to make additional contributions.
All employees are entitled to up to 14 days of sick leave at 60% of their usual pay, as long as they can provide evidence of illness.
Czech Republic law has recognised an electronic signature as legally binding since the year 2000.
A full-time job is considered eight hours a day/40 hours a week.
A probationary period in the Czech Republic cannot be longer than three months for regular employees and no longer than six months for chief officers. The probationary period cannot be longer than 50% of the employment contract.
- Employees are entitled to a 30-minute lunch break and a rest break when they have worked for six consecutive hours.
- A daily rest of at least 11 hours between one shift to the next is required by law.
- A weekly rest of at least 35 consecutive hours is required by law.
Employees aren’t allowed to work more than eight overtime hours per week, and they cannot work eight overtime hours per week for longer than 26 weeks in a row. The maximum overtime hours permitted to be worked per year are 150.
Overtime pay is 125% of the usual wage rate of the employee. Employers may give the employee extra time off instead of money in exchange for the overtime work.
If the overtime falls on a holiday, then the employee is due time off as well as wages. When overtime is required to be worked on the weekend, the employee should be paid at a rate of 110% of their usual wages.
The government set out a list of events in which an employee can take time off for personal reasons. These situations include the birth of a child, funerals, medical examinations and performance of work in public office.
If there’s mutual consent between the employee and the employer, a contract can be terminated at any time for any reason. If either the employer or the employee is giving notice of termination of the contract, there must be a written notice and it must be delivered in writing.
An employee may give notice of resignation without a reason whereas an employer must provide one of the following reasons:
- Gross breach of duty or unlawful behaviour
- The employer’s business shuts down, relocates or another organisational reason
- The employee is unable to fulfil their duties due to medical reasons
- If the employee has repeatedly breached their contract in any way
- The employee no longer has the capacity or fills the requirements for the job they’re meant to be carrying out
The standard notice period is two months. This notice period begins the first day of the month after notice has been served.
Employees in full-time employment are entitled to four weeks of paid holiday per year. Annual leave may be taken once the employee has worked for 60 days. All employees are entitled to at least two consecutive weeks of holiday.
Keen to engage an EOR in Czech Republic?
At TopSource Worldwide, we work with local experts to help you navigate the various admin and cost obstacles you may come across along your expansion journey
To find out how we can help your business with our employment solutions, contact us today.