With a recent history dominated heavily by Portuguese colonisation and a civil war that lasted a quarter of a century, Angola’s chequered and challenging history has had a major effect on its politics and people. Still firmly classified as a developing nation, Angola is attempting to shake off political instability, corruption and the effects of the bloody civil war to become the world’s fastest-growing economy.
The world’s second-largest Portuguese-speaking population is still to benefit from the vast reserves of crude oil and diamonds that are being extracted by nations like China and the US. Angolans face some of the lowest wages in the world and have little access to healthcare, education and basic amenities.
Hiring in Angola is still extremely informal and there is little in the way of employment law or worker protection. Many employers are non-Angolan corporations focused on the petrochemical industry, with workers paid cash in hand with little in the way of contracts. However, Angola is actively working towards a diversified economy and improved working conditions, with more being done to improve both wages and workers’ rights.