The employer may terminate the employment contract by giving the employee notice only on certain grounds specified by statute. The grounds on which an employer is permitted to dismiss an employee with notice include redundancy.
Special rules apply to collective redundancies and selection for redundancy.
An employer is entitled to terminate an employment contract without notice in certain circumstances defined by statute, including where the employee has committed gross misconduct (such as disciplinary offences or imprisonment).
Employees receive special protection against dismissal in certain situations and at certain times. This applies, for example, to employees who are pregnant or on maternity leave, or who act as trade union officials or employee representatives.
An employee may resign at any time by giving the employer notice and is entitled to terminate the employment contract without notice in certain circumstances. Generally, the notice period for termination initiated by the employee is 30 days for an indefinite employment contract, unless the parties have agreed on a longer period, but not more than three months.