Contract of employment
The contract of employment may be executed in written form or electronically.
The length of the probationary period should be stated in the contract of employment and can be between one to 24 months.
A full work week in Israel consists of 42 hours. The working week runs from Sunday to Thursday, and a regular working day is typically 9.1 hours including a 30-minute break.
As of 1 April 2018, the Minister of Labour determined that in order to reduce weekly working hours, one working day of the week will be shorter — 8.1 hours including a 30-minute break.
The shortened day of the week will be selected by the company and may be changed according to business needs which will require advance notification.
All employees are entitled to 36 continuous hours of rest per week, which must include the day of rest according to their religion (for Jewish employees — ‘Shabbat’). Employment on the rest day is prohibited unless authorised by the Ministry of Labor by a special permit, where working is deemed in the interest of the general public due to security, safety and economic considerations.
In general, the first two hours of overtime are paid at a rate of 125% of the regular pay, and 150% after that.
It’s common practice in Israel to include a clause in the employment agreement that sets forth an arrangement with the employee by which the employee receives a predetermined overtime pay reflecting an estimated amount of overtime hours the employee is expected to work per month, on average (‘Global Overtime Payment’). The agreed estimated number of overtime hours should be specified in the employment agreement (‘Overtime Quota’).