Dirigenti are the highest category of employee, defined in Italy by specific collective agreements. This includes employees who are responsible for running the company or managing an independent part. Dirigenti also include certain employees with very high-level technical, scientific and/or professional qualifications.
A Quadro carries out managerial tasks and reports to a dirigente. He / she has a significant degree of autonomy and is directly responsible for the tasks, projects and staff (if assigned line manager responsibilities).
Funzionari normally are on the upper side of this professional category. All managers in general belong to this professional category: finance managers, operations managers, marketing managers, shop managers, events managers, site managers, etc.
An impiegato/a reports to a quadro (or to a dirigente when employed by SME) and carries out office-related tasks and projects.