Long influenced and ruled by France, Africa’s largest nation by area is also one of its most developed. Famous for its beautiful Mediterranean coastline, important ancient historic sites and famous Arab-Berber hospitality, Algeria’s geography is dominated by the vast Sahara Desert which covers up to 90% of the country.
Algeria is attracting more investment as the traditional ruling class (the “décideurs”) face increased pressure following the Arab Spring, which had a huge effect on Algeria’s politics, and established the desire for a more liberal approach to development and international relations.
The real reason for investment, however, are Algeria’s vast natural resources. Countries like China and Turkey have invested heavily in Algerian infrastructure in order to tap into vast oil and gas reserves. Refined petroleum and oil exports make up the vast majority of Algeria’s economy. This has led to an estimated 10% in GDP growth up to 2025.
This economic development is complemented by a population that is becoming increasingly literate and educated, as well as bi- and often trilingual – with Arabic, French and Berber the most common languages.